WHAT CAUSES ACNE?
There are four main factors that can block your pores and cause an acne breakout. Let’s take a look at them:
1. HORMONAL CHANGES
Puberty is one of the biggest acne causes.
Acne forms, and becomes worse, when your body produces higher volumes of sebum than before and you aren’t able to regularly clear your pores.
2. EXCESS DEAD SKIN CELLS
When too many dead skin cells travel to your pores on the surface of your skin, they can clump together to clog your pores and appear as a pimple.
3. BACTERIA CONTAMINATION
More severe acne occurs when bacteria also becomes trapped with sebum in your pores.
Bacteria can cause inflammation and redness and can lead to the formation of painful cysts under the skin. Cysts are lumps which, like pimples, contain pus, however, they don’t form a head on the outside of the skin.
Try to avoid touching your face, remember to regularly change your pillowcase and clean your phone screen to avoid contamination.
4. YOUR SKIN-TYPE
If you have oily skin, the excess oil on the surface of your skin can also block pores and cause acne.
If you have combination skin, you may have acne prone skin in the oilier areas of your face – typically on the forehead and nose.
WHAT CAUSES BLACKHEADS?
1. HORMONAL CHANGES
Sebum keeps your skin hydrated but in excessive amounts it can block your pores and cause blackheads.
In some adult women, blackheads can form due to hormonal changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy or certain methods of birth control.
2. GENETIC PREDISPOSITION
Your body might produce a similar level of the main puberty hormone, androgen as a friend’s or colleague’s body.
But, depending on your genetic make-up the way your hormones affect your predisposition to developing blackheads will be different.
3. SKIN CARE THAT BLOCKS PORES
The ingredients in non-comedogenic products help to dissolve excess oil and remove any dead skin cells from your pores to avoid blackheads.
NIVEA’s Daily Wash Face Scrub contains magnolia extract to help clear out clogged pores and prevent blackheads.
WHAT CAUSES PIMPLES?
Pimples are caused a few key physiological processes. Some lifestyle activities can also cause an outbreak to flare up.
The three fundamental causes of pimples include:
1. Blocked pores
When your sebaceous glands produce too much oil (known as sebum) it can accumulate in your pores and block them.
Depending on whether your blocked pore remains open or closed, a blackhead or whitehead pimple will develop:
- Blackheads occur when a blocked pore is open and air exposure oxidises the sebum build-up, turning it black
- Whiteheads occur when a clogged pore is closed and protected from the air, so the sebum build-up remains white
Extra sebum can also attract and draw impurities such as dirt and bacteria into your pores which can cause further problems.
Bacteria can cause your glands to become infected and leave them inflamed, irritated, and pus-filled.
When this happens you can be left with a big, red, angry and painful outbreak.
The shaving process involves a number of factors which can lead to irritation and unwanted impurities getting into your pores to cause pimples, including:
- Shaving creams and gels
- Unclean razors
- The natural opening of pores
CAN YOUR SKIN TYPE CAUSE PIMPLES?
There are some skin types that are naturally more prone to pimples than others, including:
- Oily skin: naturally produces more sebum
- Combination skin: can have oil imbalances due to differences in skin types
Sensitive skin: can be more susceptible to irritants and have more adverse reactions
Always read the label. Follow the directions for use.